Destiny's Child, sometimes abbreviated as DC, was an American R&B and pop girl group. Originally a quartet, it eventually became a trio consisting of Beyoncé Knowles, Kelly Rowland, and Michelle Williams. The group released four major studio albums, nine worldwide number-one singles. According to the RIAA, Destiny's Child has sold 100 million records worldwide making them the best-selling female group of all time. Billboard magazine ranked the group as one of the greatest musical trios of all time.
Formed in 1990 in Houston, Texas, Destiny's Child members began their musical endeavors while in their pre-teens. After years of struggling on the road, they signed in to Columbia Records. The release of their breakthrough album, The Writing's On The Wall, launched them to crossover mainstream that established them as a viable artist. While in their commercial peak, the group was plagued by public turmoil involving lawsuits; it eventually preempted two members. The strife, however, was believed to only push the remaining members to greater achievements; they recorded their third album, Survivor, which the public interpreted as a channel to the experience. In 2002 Destiny's Child announced a two-year hiatus which involved solo projects; the break allowed them to earn individual success. They re-united to record their final album, and again disbanded in 2005 to pursue individual careers in music, theatre, television, and film.
In 1990, Beyoncé Knowles met LaTavia Roberson while auditioning for a girl group. Based in Houston, Texas, they were joined to a group that performed rapping and dancing; Kelly Rowland, who relocated to Knowles' house because of family issues, joined them. Originally named Girl's Tyme, they were eventually cut down to six. With Knowles and Rowland, Girl's Tyme attracted nationwide attention; west-coast R&B producer Arne Frager flew to Houston to see them. He brought them to his studio, The Plant Recording Studios, in Northern California, with focus on Knowles' vocals because Frager thought she had personality and the ability to sing. With efforts to sign Girl's Tyme to a major record deal, Frager's strategy was to debut them in Star Search, the biggest talent show on national TV at the time. In the end they did participate, but lost the competition, according to Knowles because the choice of song was wrong; they were actually rapping instead of singing.
Because of the group's defeat, Knowles' father, Mathew Knowles, voluntarily dedicated his time to manage them; in 1995 he resigned from his job as a medical-equipment salesman. The move reduced Knowles' family's income by half, and her parents briefly separated due to the pressure. Mathew Knowles cut down the original lineup to four with the inclusion of LeToya Luckett's in 1993; he established a "boot camp" to train them.
Rehearsing in the salon of Knowles' mother, Tina, and their backyards, they continued performing as openings for established R&B groups of that time such as SWV, Dru Hill and Immature. Tina Knowles also helped design attires for their performances. They signed to Elektra Records in the same year, but were dropped before they could release an album. In 1997, Knowles' father negotiated with record label Columbia Records and signed the group.